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PostgreSQL basic commands

postgresql

Connect to the database with default user

$ sudo -u postgres psql

Create user

CREATE USER username WITH PASSWORD 'MYPASS';

You must edit pg_hba.conf in Debian/Ubuntu you have this dir structure:

/etc/postgresql/
└── 9.5
    └── main
        ├── environment
        ├── pg_ctl.conf
        ├── pg_hba.conf
        ├── pg_ident.conf
        ├── postgresql.conf
        └── start.conf

The above file looks like this:

# PostgreSQL Client Authentication Configuration File
#
# ...
#
# local      DATABASE  USER  METHOD  [OPTIONS]
# host       DATABASE  USER  ADDRESS  METHOD  [OPTIONS]
# hostssl    DATABASE  USER  ADDRESS  METHOD  [OPTIONS]
# hostnossl  DATABASE  USER  ADDRESS  METHOD  [OPTIONS]
#
# ...
# 
# METHOD can be "trust", "reject", "md5", "password", "gss", "sspi",
# "ident", "peer", "pam", "ldap", "radius" or "cert".  Note that
# "password" sends passwords in clear text; "md5" is preferred since
# it sends encrypted passwords.
#
# ...
#
# Database administrative login by Unix domain socket
local   all             postgres                                peer

# TYPE  DATABASE        USER            ADDRESS                 METHOD

# "local" is for Unix domain socket connections only
local   all             all                                     peer
# IPv4 local connections:
host    all             all             127.0.0.1/32            md5
host    breinty_db      breinty         127.0.0.1/32            md5
# IPv6 local connections:
host    all             all             ::1/128                 md5
# Allow replication connections from localhost, by a user with the
# replication privilege.
#local   replication     postgres                                peer
#host    replication     postgres        127.0.0.1/32            md5
#host    replication     postgres        ::1/128                 md5

Then add your own rule to it.

Set super privileges to specific user

ALTER USER username WITH SUPERUSER;

Create a database

CREATE DATABASE dbname OWNER username;

Drop database

DROP DATABASE dbname;

List databases

\l

Import a data base

$ psql username  -h hostname -d dbname < dump.sql

Change DATABASE

\c dbname;

Create Postgis extension

CREATE EXTENSION Postgis;

List tables

\dt

Quit from Postgre console

\q
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